Sleep Disorder Treatment Istanbul

Sleep disorder is a serious disorder that reduces the general health of the person and the quality of life in daily life. Sleep is an important issue for individuals. In this disease, the medical name has been determined as ‘insomnia’. In particular, it refers to falling asleep or not being able to fall asleep again by experiencing frequent interruptions during sleep.

The body, which is tired during the day and the destroyed nervous system, find the opportunity to renew itself during sleep at night. During this time, many functions in the body take care of themselves. This is the reason why you start the day fresh when you wake up in the morning after a good sleep.

In this process, if there is a sleep disorder, the regeneration of cells is prevented. As a result, this reduces the quality of life in the short term and causes health problems in the long term. So what is sleep disorder, what causes it, what are the symptoms and treatment methods? We have compiled the answers to these questions and more for you.

What is Sleep Disorder?

Sleep disorder is one of the undeniable health problems of our age. In general, it is the name given to difficulties in falling asleep, not staying asleep for a long time, or constantly waking up early.

Individuals experiencing such problems constantly feel tired and exhausted. Because insomnia affects the body energy and mood of the individual negatively. As a result, this negatively affects one’s daily activities.

Every individual may experience acute sleep problems at certain parts of their life. This is a natural and temporary situation. Because stress and traumatic events trigger acute insomnia. However, in some cases, sleep disturbance can become permanent.

Chronic insomnia is considered a disease in medicine. In this case, it is essential to start the treatment process. Otherwise, the problem may become more permanent and may turn the patient’s life upside down.

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What are the Causes of Sleep Disorder?

Sleep disturbance can be a stand-alone and primary health problem. However, it may be associated with other conditions depending on the situation. This disease generally occurs due to the traumatic damage left in the individual after stress and events.

Treatment is more efficient if the underlying causes of the disease are determined. The process, on the other hand, sometimes takes a short time, and sometimes it can take years.

It is possible to list the most common symptoms among the causes of sleep disorders as follows:

  • Situations in daily life such as work, education, family and relationships cause stress and can cause sleep disorders by keeping the mind active especially at night.
  • The body has circadian rhythms, which are described as the ‘internal clock’. Disrupted sleep as a result of travel and busy work schedule can become chronic over time.
  • Bad sleep habits also trigger sleep disorder. Especially before sleep and stimulating activities are examples of this. Like watching TV, playing on the phone and using a computer…
  • Late meals reduce sleep quality. Light meals do not affect sleep. However, heavy food consumption harms one’s sleep. Over time, this becomes chronic. In addition, meals eaten before going to bed also trigger reflux.
  • One of the factors that trigger insomnia syndrome may be the drugs used.

What are the Symptoms of Sleep Disorder?

The course of sleep disorder symptoms varies according to the severity of the disease and the patient’s constitution. The clearest symptoms can only be specified by specialist doctors. However, it is possible to collect the common symptoms observed in those who have this disease under a few headings.

Here are the symptoms of sleep disorder (insomnia)…

  1. Not sleeping all the time
  2. excessive sleepiness,
  3. Severe snoring,
  4. Pause of breathing during sleep
  5. Sweating at night and frequently going to the toilet
  6. Dry mouth and stuffy nose during sleep
  7. Sour liquid coming into the mouth during sleep, that is, reflux,
  8. Inability to feel rested after waking up.

The sleep disorder symptoms mentioned above should be taken seriously and a specialist physician should be consulted before proceeding. Otherwise, you may experience psychological conditions such as forgetfulness, unhappiness, poor concentration and being overly nervous. These, in turn, affect your daily life negatively and reduce your quality of life.

How Is Sleep Disorder Diagnosed?

In the treatment of sleep disorder, it is very important to know the underlying causes of the disease and to diagnose it accordingly. According to the common opinion expressed by experts, it is essential to go to the source of the problem for an effective treatment in insomnia.

Most of the time, the factors that trigger this situation can be psychological discomfort. Sometimes, it can also be triggered by unknown health problems.

To diagnose sleep disorder, a technique called ‘anamnesis’ based on listening to the patient’s history is applied. Most of the time, this method is sufficient to make a diagnosis. However, when it is not considered sufficient, physical examination is preferred. In addition, a blood test may be requested, as conditions such as thyroid problems trigger sleep disorders.

Another method used in the diagnosis of this disease is the process of examining sleep habits. Physicians may ask their patients to keep a sleep diary to determine the source of the problem. Finally, it is useful to mention the method of being subjected to research in the sleep center.

If the correct diagnosis cannot be reached in any of the methods mentioned above, your doctor may ask you to spend a night in the sleep center. Physicians monitor your brain waves and heart rhythms while you sleep in a private room. They also examine your breathing.

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How is Sleep Disorder Treated?

One of the subjects that every person wonders is “What is good for insomnia?” There are many effective prescription and over-the-counter drugs available today to solve this problem. However, no treatment method should be tried without a doctor’s approval. First of all, it would be useful to mention cognitive behavioral therapies in this area.

The therapist identifies negative thoughts that prevent you from sleeping and removes them from your mind. In this way, you can have a good sleep.

One of the most commonly used methods in the treatment of sleep disorders is drug therapy. It is possible to have a deep sleep thanks to the prescription sleeping pills prescribed by your doctor. However, prescription drugs can sometimes have side effects. For this reason, you should definitely stay in contact with your doctor during the period of drug use.

Today, there are many over-the-counter medications available to address the sleep disorder problem. However, doctors definitely do not recommend these drugs. Because these pills contain a stimulant called ‘antihistamine’.

It carries the risk of harming the health of the individual in the long run. Physicians are the right address for sleep disorder treatment. We wish you healthy days…

What are the Causes of Sleep Disorder?

Sleep disorders, which harm the person both psychologically and physiologically, are problems that can occur at every stage of sleep.

We can overcome the tiredness we experience mentally and physically during the day by sleeping. However, when there is a sleep disorder, this relief is not in question. In case of repetition, the body resistance decreases, but also tension and stress arise.

It is not correct to attribute sleep disorder to a single cause. There are many reasons for this. We can list them as follows:

  • Sleep apnea: Snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, breathlessness during sleep, headache and fatigue.
  • Narcolepsy: Excessive desire to sleep during the day and short-term sleep attacks.
  • Insomnia: Sleep disturbance, difficulty falling asleep, waking up too early.
  • Restless Legs Syndrome: It is the desire to move the leg when the body is inactive. It causes insomnia even though it happens during sleep.

Which doctor should I go to for sleep disorder?

Sleep disorders are usually caused by reasons such as shortness of breath or ear apnea. For this reason, it is necessary to go to an otolaryngologist to prevent sleep disorders. In addition, it may be necessary to see a neurologist in case the problem is neurological. It is very important to start the early diagnosis and treatment process for sleep disorders caused by neurological causes.

Where is the sleep disorder test done?

Sleep disorder tests are usually performed in full-fledged hospitals or private sleep centers. In these tests, the problem can be understood more easily by going down to the source of the sleep disorder of the patients. For this reason, people with sleep disorders should have a sleep disorder test in order to reach a definitive solution. This situation, which is often recommended by doctors, also provides many data for the treatment of sleep disorder.

How is the sleep disorder test done?

The sleep disorder test is performed through electrodes placed on the chin, head and eyelids. A lot of data can be obtained by recording the signals from the patient while awake and during sleep. In this way, it is also possible to take more concrete steps for the treatment of sleep disorder. A sleep disorder test is essential to find the root cause of the problem and to determine the necessary treatment methods.

What happens if there is no treatment for sleep disorder?

Failure to treat sleep disorders can lead to major health-threatening problems. Untreated sleep disorders can evolve into heart diseases after a certain period of time. For this reason, it is known that there are many people who have heart disease due to sleep disorders. For this reason, sleep disorder should be treated as soon as possible under the supervision of a specialist physician.

Source:

https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/sleep-disorders/what-are-sleep-disorders

Sleep Disorder Treatment Doctors

Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS

About the Author: Uz. Dr. Süreyya Ataus

Uz. Dr. Süreyya Ataus
Uzman Dr. Süreyya Ataus 1980-1986 yılları arasında İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi’nde eğitim almış ve daha sonra Akdeniz Üniversitesi Nöroloji Ana Bilim Dalında nöroloji uzmanlığının eğitimini tamamlamıştır. Doktorluk kariyeri boyunca Konya ve Antalya’da görev yapmakla birlikte İstanbul’da Üsküdar Devlet Hastanesi, Özel Bahat Hastanesi ve Özel Silivri Kolan Hastanesinde çalışmıştır. Uzman Dr. Süreyya Ataus Neuro Up Clinic ekibiyle birlikte İstanbul’da nöroloji hastalarına tedavi hizmetleri sunmaktadır.

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