Istanbul Insomnia Treatment

Sleep is a very important requirement that human beings have needed since their existence.

While in the past it was seen as a passive period because there was not enough information about how important sleep is, today we are aware that sleep, which covers 3/1 of our life, is a period of high importance for us to carry out all our mental and physical activities in a healthy way.

Our sleep duration and timing is completely personal. Every individual should have a healthy and correct sleep structure in order to maintain their mental and physical functions correctly. Many risks such as hypertension, heart diseases and stroke may occur in people who do not have a sleep pattern and do not sleep enough.

In today’s research, about 85 negative factors that negatively affect sleep quality have been identified. Since these conditions that cause sleep disorders mostly occur while the person is sleeping, there may be delays in diagnosis and treatment due to the delay in the awareness of the patients.

The majority of work and traffic accidents occurring today are due to insomnia. Situations like these reveal how important sleep is for human beings.

What is Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)?

Sleep disorder is a group of diseases that not only causes a decrease in the quality of life of individuals, but also causes significant losses on functional abilities. Diagnosis and treatment of the underlying diseases of sleep disorder is a common interest of many branches of medicine.

There may be various sleep-related disorders such as not being able to fall asleep, not being able to stay asleep and being sleepy all the time. In this situation, situations such as incompatibility of sleep timing and the body’s biological clock, inability to sleep when the need to sleep is felt, and drowsiness when it is desired to stay awake occur.

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What Are the Common Causes of Insomnia?

There may be many factors underlying sleep disorder such as drug use, noise, emotional and physical discomfort, depression, trauma, stress, heat and light. The most common neurological causes are insomnia, parasomnia, narcolepsy and sleep apnea syndrome. We can consider these reasons in turn as follows.

What is Insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that makes it difficult for the individual to fall asleep or stay asleep, and causes him to wake up much earlier than desired, and then not be able to go back to sleep.

People who are exposed to insomnia may feel tired when they wake up from sleep, as if they had never rested. Insomnia may not only make you feel energetic, but also negatively affect your mood, health, and performance, such as daily work or school, and may lead to a decrease in your quality of life.

What Are the Symptoms of Insomnia?

  • Napping during the day
  • Tiredness
  • State of irritability
  • Concentration disorder
  • Memory problems
  • Difficulty sleeping at night
  • Sleep disruption at night
  • Waking up very early
  • Not rested when you wake up in the morning
  • Anxiety
  • Making mistakes at work, school, or similar settings
  • Accidents due to low energy due to insomnia

What is Parasomnia?

Parasomnia, also called night terrors, is a sleep disorder that causes abnormal behavior during sleep.

An individual with parasomnia may move, talk, or exhibit unusual movements during sleep. Even though people in the same environment think that this person is awake, the person is actually asleep, unconscious and does not remember what he has done.

What Are the Symptoms of Parasomnia?

  • Waking up screaming, shouting, or crying quite loudly
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Rapid breathing
  • Finding yourself sitting in bed
  • Sweating
  • Kicking around
  • Remembering what happened when you wake up in the morning
  • Enlargement of pupils

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What is Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a rare brain disorder that causes an individual to suddenly fall asleep at inopportune times.

It arises because the brain cannot maintain the regularity between sleep and waking.

What Are the Symptoms of Narcolepsy?

  • Sleepiness during the day, feeling extremely sleepy during the day, difficulty staying awake and concentrating.
  • Sleep attacks, falling asleep suddenly.
  • Sleep paralysis, temporary inability to move or speak when waking up or falling asleep.
  • Excessive dreaming at night, waking up. Dreams usually occur as you fall asleep, before you wake up, or when you wake up.

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea can be briefly expressed as the cessation of breathing during sleep. When a person encounters sleep apnea syndrome, he may face temporary suffocation for a few seconds while asleep.

During suffocation, the brain wakes up as the oxygen level in the blood drops, thus waking the body as respiratory functions stop.

People with sleep apnea may wake up several times a night. Patients with frequent sleep disruptions cannot remember the next day. Sleep apnea should be investigated in people who think they are getting enough sleep but feel very tired during the day.

What Are the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea?

  • Daytime sleepiness and fatigue
  • Respiratory arrest witnessed by other people
  • Headache especially in the morning
  • Loud snoring
  • Throat ache
  • Dry mouth
  • Hypertension
  • Irritability
  • Lack of attention
  • Depressed mood

Which Doctor to Go to for Sleep Disorder (Insomnia) Problem?

Patients with insomnia should consult a neurologist for the diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause.

The causes of insomnia are investigated with some examinations by a neurologist. Treatment is planned based on the problem identified according to the results of the examination and research.

Resources:

National Sleep Foundation. Sleep Disorders. (http://www.sleepfoundation.org/articles/sleep-disorders) Accessed 11/24/2020.

Rémi, J., Pollmächer, T., Spiegelhalder, K., Trenkwalder, C., & Young, P. (2019). Sleep-related disorders in neurology and psychiatry. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 116(41), 681.

What You Need to Know About Parasomnias (https://www.healthline.com/health/parasomnia)

Narcolepsy (https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/narcolepsy/)

Insomnia Treatment Doctors

Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS