Epilepsy Treatment Istanbul

Epilepsy, known as epilepsy, is a long-term disease. While the patient is in his daily routine, he is faced with involuntary contractions that suddenly appear. These contractions are beyond the control of the patient. In order to conclude whether a patient has epilepsy, the attacks of the patient must be observed.

Once a seizure is experienced, we cannot say that this person has epilepsy. Diagnosis can only be made after two or more attacks. Is there a treatment method developed for epilepsy disease?

A clear result has not yet been reached in the treatment of epilepsy. Of course, some drug treatments are applied, but they do not eliminate the current situation. However, with the treatments applied, the patient’s seizures can be kept under control.

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a disease that occurs after a brain injury. It usually occurs at birth. Epilepsy, as it is known, manifests itself with seizures that occur with symptoms such as shivering, convulsions, loss of consciousness and inability to control oneself.

Seizures are usually limited to 2 minutes. Seizures lasting more than 2 minutes can be dangerous and require medical attention. A person with epilepsy is often unaware of their seizure.

The most important thing to be considered in a patient with an epileptic seizure is to prevent him from biting his tongue. For this, the patient should be laid on his side, and saliva and vomiting that may get into his throat should be prevented.

Usually, as the first intervention, a hard object is unconsciously pressed between the patient’s teeth. This would be a completely wrong intervention. The unconscious patient may be suffocated by blocking the trachea.

Epilepsi Tedavisi İstanbul

What are the Causes of Epilepsy?

There may be many underlying causes of epileptic seizures. It may not be due to birth alone. Although there are certain reasons that have been identified, a clear result has not been reached yet. In addition, epilepsy does not have a certain age period. It can be seen in all age groups.

Let’s take a look at the identified causes of epilepsy:

  • Problems during childbirth. The baby is deprived of oxygen.
  • High fever in childhood can trigger epileptic seizures in the future.
  • Head trauma due to falling and impact,
  • Genetic factors,
  • Infections that the baby had while in the womb,
  • Occlusion of the blood vessels leading to the brain can reveal epileptic seizures due to the occurrence of stroke, as the public says, brain damage in the patient.
  • Tumors may also cause the patient to have epileptic seizures in the long term.

What Are the Symptoms of Epilepsy?

Many observable symptoms of epilepsy have been identified. It can also manifest itself in the form of more than one symptom in the patient. What are the symptoms of epilepsy? We can list the answers to the question as follows:

  • Anxiety that arises for no reason
  • Inability to control foot and hand movements
  • Hearing the sounds in the environment but not being able to answer these sounds and questions
  • Uncontrollable contractions in the body
  • Short-term loss of consciousness
  • Sudden onset of nausea
  • Fixate on a certain point
  • Sudden headache for no reason

The symptoms listed above are preliminary symptoms and appear before the seizure. Symptoms following these symptoms indicate that the patient has had an epileptic attack. If it continues for a long time, it definitely requires medical attention.

  • The intensification of uncontrolled contractions, the inability of the person to prevent these contractions
  • Falling to the ground due to unconsciousness
  • Rapid winks that appear out of nowhere
  • Clenching of the teeth and causing the biting of the tongue
  • Saliva or even foam coming from the patient’s mouth
  • Making unconscious sounds
  • Unconscious movements, such as incontinence

How Is Epilepsy Diagnosed?

Epilepsy is a disease that requires long-term observation. First of all, the observations of the relatives of the patient at the time of the seizure are used. Relatives of the patient who has an epileptic seizure are asked what symptoms he or she experiences.

After the information received, certain tests are requested from the patient by the physician. Certain results can be obtained with computed tomography, MRI or EEG.

Especially with EEG, the activities occurring in the brain can be detected. The electrical effects found should be evaluated by the physician. Epilepsy triggering effects must be known. When you go to the doctor’s examination, the reasons that may lie under it should be recorded.

It is especially checked whether the patient has been sleep deprived lately and whether he is overtired under the daily workload. In addition, if he is going through a stressful period, it can trigger an epileptic seizure.

The age of the patient is one of the most important factors in the diagnosis. Epilepsy, which is usually seen at an early age, can be even more risky when it is seen in the late period.

It may also be a situation triggered by a number of discomforts you are experiencing. At the same time, the duration of the epileptic seizure is very important for the correct diagnosis. Because it is important for health that epileptic seizures do not exceed 2 minutes. Epileptic seizures lasting longer than 2 minutes are also dangerous in terms of brain damage.

Today, with advanced technological devices, very good detections can be made and diagnostics that give clues can be made. Unfortunately, it is observed that epilepsy disease, which does not have a clear cure, is controlled by drug therapy.

Abnormalities that may cause epilepsy can be detected with state-of-the-art devices and an appropriate treatment method can be followed.

Epilepsi Tedavisi İstanbul

How Is Epilepsy Treated?

How is epilepsy treated? The answer to the question is a subject that many patients are curious about. Because until recently, there was no drug treatment for epilepsy. Today, there are medications that can prevent or even control epilepsy treatment. Thanks to these drugs, the patient can be prevented from having sudden seizures.

Older patients who have frequent seizures may not respond to drug therapy. Patients who cannot get results from drug treatment can be treated by surgical intervention.

surgical interventions; functional surgery and resective surgery methods. With the surgical methods applied, the patient is less affected during the seizure. Thus, the patient can overcome the epileptic seizure more easily.

In patients observed during adolescence, epilepsy may disappear over time. Treatment may not be required in the future. To reduce epileptic seizures, you can reduce the effect by taking some precautions yourself.

One should try to stay away from stress, which is the trigger of every disease, and prefer a healthy life away from harmful habits. It is also very important to take medications regularly. Medications not taken on time may cause interruption of treatment and increase in seizure frequency.

The patient should pay particular attention to the sleep pattern. Sleep disorders are very effective in having frequent seizures. You should do sports regularly and at least take a step towards a healthy life with daily exercises.

Support with regular exercises, healthy and regular nutrition

teklenmelidir. Böylece epilepsi nöbetleri hafifletilebilir, hastanın daha sağlıklı bit yaşam sürmesi sağlanabilir.

Who diagnoses epilepsy?

Epilepsy is diagnosed by neurologists. For this reason, people with suspected epilepsy should make an appointment with a neurologist as soon as possible and have the necessary tests done. It becomes possible to diagnose epilepsy by neurologists by applying a test called EEG.

How is an epilepsy examination done?

EEG, also known as epilepsy examination, is applied together with measuring the activity of the brain. It is possible to diagnose epilepsy based on the results of the EEG test. In addition, with the test, it can be seen in which region of the brain epilepsy occurs. Another method used in epilepsy examination, other than EEG, becomes possible with the application of MR tests that everyone is familiar with.

What tests are done for epilepsy?

In order to diagnose epilepsy, necessary tests can be performed with a device called EEG, which measures the activity of the brain. At this point, it can be seen with the EEG device whether epilepsy is in a structure that can cause seizures in the brain. In addition to this, computerized tomography examinations other than EEG can also be preferred.

Does EEG give definitive results for epilepsy?

EEG is a test that is taken in approximately 1 hour and contains 80% accuracy. The success rate of this test, which is used for the diagnosis of epilepsy, is much higher than other methods. For this reason, the success rate of EEG, which is used quite frequently, is 50% in children. EEG, which gives higher results than other tests and devices currently used for epilepsy, is quite often preferred.

How long does the EEG take?

EEG results are available on the day of the shooting or the next day. Shooting completed within 1 hour needs some time to process in detail. This time usually does not exceed 24 hours. For this reason, EEG is also known as the technique that gives the fastest results among the methods applied in the diagnosis of epilepsy. It is possible to diagnose epilepsy within 24 hours with EEG.

What does it mean to have a bad EEG?

EEG is usually distorted in patients with epilepsy. Although this indicates that the patient has epilepsy, there may be other reasons as well. One of the reasons why the EEG is distorted may be that the patient's hair is dirty or oily before the extraction. Since the EEG is a very sensitive measurement, it can be distorted depending on many factors.



Epilepsy Treatment Doctors

Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Prof. Dr. M. Zülküf ÖNAL
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS
Neurologist Süreyya ATAUS

About the Author: Uz. Dr. Süreyya Ataus

Uz. Dr. Süreyya Ataus
Uzman Dr. Süreyya Ataus 1980-1986 yılları arasında İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi’nde eğitim almış ve daha sonra Akdeniz Üniversitesi Nöroloji Ana Bilim Dalında nöroloji uzmanlığının eğitimini tamamlamıştır. Doktorluk kariyeri boyunca Konya ve Antalya’da görev yapmakla birlikte İstanbul’da Üsküdar Devlet Hastanesi, Özel Bahat Hastanesi ve Özel Silivri Kolan Hastanesinde çalışmıştır. Uzman Dr. Süreyya Ataus Neuro Up Clinic ekibiyle birlikte İstanbul’da nöroloji hastalarına tedavi hizmetleri sunmaktadır.

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